Haci Bektash Veli and Bektashism in Russian Sources





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Haci Bektash Veli (d. 1271[?]), considered to be the founder of the Bektashism, is one of the leading representatives of Turkish-Islamic thought and belief traditions. He is a person whose influence continues today, as in the past, not only in Anatolia, but also in many countries such as Azerbaijan, Iraq, Egypt, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania and even Hungary, both as historical personality and with his mythical aspects, and his teachings.
Haci Bektash Veli and his influence in the entire Turkish-Islamic world, especially in Anatolia, have caught the attention of the researchers from the fields of History, Language, Literature, Sociology, etc. Since the first studies on Haci Bektash Veli and Bektashism have been revealed, many works have been written in this field in various societies. Moreover, these studies become an independent research area over time. In particular, orientalists, including many turkologists, historians, philologists and experts in Islamic studies, were involved in this field, wondering about Turkish-Islamic world. In other words, many researches about Haci Bektash Veli and Bektashism have been carried out both in our country and abroad; original works and translations, such as articles, encyclopaedia articles, monographs, journal special issues, tribute books, surveys and publications, annuals, bibliographic studies, etc. were published in this field. These studies also found their own expression in the scientific events, such as special national and international congresses, symposiums and conferences.
Russian-Soviet researchers, who mostly include turkologists, historians, philologists, ethnologists and experts in Islamic historical researches and have a large expert staff, have focused on the great role and effects of Haci Bektash Veli in the preservation of Turkish-Islamic thought and culture. Correspondingly, the essence and philosophical foundations of Bektashism have also attracted their attention. As a result of this process, that began with curiosity and turned into academic interest, a significant literature in Russian on Haci Bektash Veli and Bektashism has emerged.
The aim of this paper is to identify- within the available possibilities- Russian written sources on Haci Bektash Veli and Bektashism, to reveal the prominent studies among them and to present comments and evaluations of Russian researchers and other authors who have written their academic publications in Russian in this field, by using the method of description and evaluation. We should specify that in the paper we followed a chronological order taking into account the dates on which these studies were conducted.
Finally, this paper aims to contribute to the literature in Turkish on Haci Bektash Veli and Bektashism. Thus, the author of the paper hopes that the paper will be useful in terms of the directory of sources and materials for the ongoing and future researches in our country.


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Author Biography

Fegani Beyler, Bingöl Üniversitesi

Dr. Öğr. Üyesi Fegani BEYLER

Azerbaycan’da doğdu. 2000 yılında Bakü Devlet Üniversitesi Arap Dili Öğretmenliği ve İlahiyat Bölümlerinden mezun oldu. 2003 yılı yazında Yunanistan’da, Rodos Ege Üniversitesi Beşerî Bilimler Fakültesi Yunan Dili ve Uygarlığı Yaz Okuluna katıldı ve bu programı başarıyla tamamladı. 2004 yılında Atina Üniversitesi Felsefe Fakültesi Yunan Dili ve Uygarlığı Programına katıldı. Buradan pekiyi dereceyle mezun oldu. 2007 ve 2008 yıllarında, Moskova ve Kazan başta olmak üzere Rusya’nın önde gelen Oryantalizm merkezlerinde doktora teziyle ilgili araştırmalarda bulundu.

Doktora öğrenimini “Rusya’da İslâm Felsefesi Çalışmaları ve İslâm Felsefesinin Yorumu” başlıklı tezle 2010 yılında İstanbul Üniversitesi Felsefe ve Din Bilimleri Ana Bilim Dalında tamamladı. Fegani Beyler, günümüz itibarıyla Bingöl Üniversitesi Felsefe Bölümünde Öğretim Üyesi olarak çalışmaktadır. Başlıca çalışma alanları Türk-İslâm Düşüncesi ve İslâm Felsefesi olmakla birlikte, Oryantalizm, Kötülük Problemi, Ortaçağ Felsefesi ve Uygulamalı Etik alanlarına da ilgi duymaktadır. İyi düzeyde Arapça, Rusça, Yunanca ve İngilizce, orta düzeyde Farsça ve Latince bilmektedir.



How to Cite

Beyler, F. 2020. Haci Bektash Veli and Bektashism in Russian Sources. Journal of Alevism-Bektashism Studies. 21 (Jun. 2020), 99–132. DOI:https://doi.org/10.24082/2020.abked.269.